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Nutrition and obesity

Scrub up – vocabulary.

How many of these foods can you name? Use the words given below.


Exercise 2 Translations of the given expressions

  1. Protein – protein
  2. Carbohydrate – ogljikov hidrat
  3. Dairy products – mlečni izdelki
  4. Pulse – stročnica
  5. Food high in fat – hrana, ki vsebuje veliko maščobe
  6. To contain – vsebovati
  7. High levels of vitamin C – visoka stopnja vitamina C
  8. Food low in vitamins – hrana z malo vitaminov
  9. Junk food – nezdrava hrana
  10. Nutritious – hranljiv, redilen
  11. To stir – mešati
  12. An athlete – a person who trains to compete in sports
  13. A diabetic – a person suffering from diabetes, an illness in which the body does not process sugars due to a lack of hormone insulin


Key to the exercise:

Sources of protein: tuna fish pie, cheese pizza, lentil soup, fried eggs, baked beans, burgers, lamb kebab


Sources of carbohydrate: egg noodles, cheese pizza, fried rice, boiled potatoes, doughnut


UNIT 8: NUTRITION AND OBESITY (=debelost, obilnost)


The body gets nutrients and energy from food. Balanced diet provides for optimal growth and development, whereas an unbalanced diet causes problems with maintenance of body tissues, the brain and nervous system, and bones and muscles. Eating a balanced diet means eating food from all of the four basic food groups: the milk group (= dairy products), the meat (and meat substitute) group, the fruit and vegetable group, and the grain group.


One result of unbalanced diet combined with inactivity is obesity – a condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body.


Excessive amounts of fat in the body tissue are associated with the following health problems:


There are a variety of treatments for obesity, such as diet and behaviour therapy to drugs and surgery.


Eating disorders (motnje hranjenja) are:


All of these have severe consequences to a person’s health and can even cause death.


Today, medicine recognizes obesity as a chronic disease, and patients with eating disorders are seen as victims whose suffering is not self-inflicted but the result of an illness. Many people with an eating disorder attempt to hide their abnormal behaviour, do not accept the diagnosis, and will refuse treatment.














Descriptions of vitamins, minerals, and oils



It occurs when your body does not produce enough insulin, a hormone that controls the level of glucose in the blood. One type of diabetes appears in childhood, and the other type appears after the age of 18.

It is very common for very overweight people to get diabetes, so the illness is linked to obesity.

For this reason, it is important to get the right balance between food and exercise. It is important to be active, and to eat a healthy diet, containing plenty of fruit and vegetables. Nutritionists say snacks are better than big meals.


Some useful vocabulary:

Skimmed milk – posneto mleko

Semi-skimmed milk – delno posneto mleko

To have/get cravings for food – imeti/dobiti bolestno potrebo po hrani

To eat between meals – jesti med obroki

To skip meals – preskočiti, izpustiti obroke hrane

To cut down on sth. – zmanjšati, znižati porabo, omejiti porabo

To cut out sth – opustiti, prenehati z (to cut out cigarettes)

To lose wight

To gain weight








Palliative or hospice care supports dying people and their relatives but does not try to cure. In the past, to concentrate on not curing but on making a terminally ill patient (neozdravljivo bolan) comfortable was seen as “giving up” (predaja, vdaja). Now the approach is to accept the dying process, and to focus on supporting patient and family to cope with realities of a terminal condition from a diagnosis through treatment, death, and bereavement (smrt bližnjih, boleča izguba).

An important aspect of palliative care is alleviation (olajšanje, ublažitev) of pain, and practitioners who work in this field have developed ways of using drugs such as Morphine to relieve pain while at the same time maintaining a patient’s full activities. Palliative care also makes use of alternative treatments that can help with pain management, such as relaxation therapy, massage, and music therapy.

When a patient dies in a hospital, nursing staff provide post-mortem care. This is a set of procedures which includes making records and preparing the body for relatives. Post-mortem care varies according to culture and religion, and whether or not there is going to be an autopsy to get more information about the cause of death.




A burial is a ceremony where a dead body is placed in the ground. (pokop s krsto)

A cremation is a ceremony where a dead body is burned. (upepelitev)

A funeral is a ceremony where a dead body is buried or burned. (pogreb)

A terminal disease – that cannot be cured, and causes death – neozdravljiva bolezen

To go downhill – to become more and more weak or ill

Life support – the use of machines to keep a person alive

Coma – an unconscious state that a person cannot wake from

To pass away – a polite word meaning to die

To grieve – žalovati

Death certificate – before a body can be buried, a doctor must issue a death certificate stating the cause of death


Breaking bad news

Medical staff sometimes need to give sad news, for example that an illness is terminal, or that a relative has died. Some tips for breaking bad news:


Useful vocabulary

You have my deepest sympathy. – Moje iskreno sožalje.

Please allow me to express my sympathies at the death of your wife. – Moje iskreno sožalje ob smrti vaše žene.

A letter of sympathy – sožalno pismo