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'plugins'; // set to 1 to do garbage collection during normal process shutdown instead of wp-cron $wp_cache_shutdown_gc = 0; $wp_super_cache_late_init = 0; //Added by WP-Cache Manager // uncomment the next line to enable advanced debugging features $wp_super_cache_advanced_debug = 0; $wp_super_cache_front_page_text = ''; $wp_super_cache_front_page_clear = 0; $wp_super_cache_front_page_check = 0; $wp_super_cache_front_page_notification = '0'; $wp_cache_object_cache = 0; //Added by WP-Cache Manager $wp_cache_anon_only = 0; $wp_supercache_cache_list = 0; //Added by WP-Cache Manager $wp_cache_debug_to_file = 0; $wp_super_cache_debug = 0; $wp_cache_debug_level = 5; $wp_cache_debug_ip = ''; $wp_cache_debug_log = ''; $wp_cache_debug_email = ''; $wp_cache_pages[ "search" ] = 0; $wp_cache_pages[ "feed" ] = 0; $wp_cache_pages[ "category" ] = 0; $wp_cache_pages[ "home" ] = 0; $wp_cache_pages[ "frontpage" ] = 0; $wp_cache_pages[ "tag" ] = 0; $wp_cache_pages[ "archives" ] = 0; $wp_cache_pages[ "pages" ] = 0; $wp_cache_pages[ "single" ] = 0; $wp_cache_pages[ "author" ] = 0; $wp_cache_hide_donation = 0; $wp_cache_not_logged_in = 0; //Added by WP-Cache Manager $wp_cache_clear_on_post_edit = 0; //Added by WP-Cache Manager $wp_cache_hello_world = 0; //Added by WP-Cache Manager $wp_cache_mobile_enabled = 1; //Added by WP-Cache Manager $wp_cache_cron_check = 1; //Added by WP-Cache Manager $wp_cache_mfunc_enabled = 0; //Added by WP-Cache Manager $wp_cache_make_known_anon = 0; //Added by WP-Cache Manager $wp_cache_refresh_single_only = 0; //Added by WP-Cache Manager $wp_cache_mod_rewrite = 0; //Added by WP-Cache Manager $wp_supercache_304 = 0; //Added by WP-Cache Manager $wp_cache_front_page_checks = 0; //Added by WP-Cache Manager $wp_cache_disable_utf8 = 0; //Added by WP-Cache Manager $wp_cache_no_cache_for_get = 0; //Added by WP-Cache Manager $cache_scheduled_time = "00:00"; $wp_cache_preload_interval = 600; $cache_schedule_type = 'interval'; //Added by WP-Cache Manager Izobraževalni portal iz zdravstvene nege za vse dijake srednjih zdravstvenih šol http://srednja.zdravstvena.info | diareja




August 13th, 2013



Driska

  • nadomeščanje tekočin (3000ml dnevno), dieta
  • anogenitalna nega
  • opazovanje izločenega blata
  • tehtanje B vsak dan
  • TB in količina zaužite hrane
  • aplikacija predpisanih zdravil
  • počitek B
  • opazovanje turgorja kože, ustne sluznice, bolečine v trebuhu, krči



August 11th, 2013



Virusni enteritisi

Virusi so vzrok diarej.

Rotavirus, Adenovirus, Norwalk virus, Astrovirusi,…

  • ROTAVIRUSNE DRISKE= Rotavirus skupine A in B. Obolevajo otroci 6-24 mesecev. Je zelo kužna bolezen.
  • ETERITIČNI ADENOVIRUSI= Prenos je fekalno-oralni. Inkubacija 3-10 dni. Zdravljenje poteka simptomatsko.
  • KALICIVIRUSI:
  • ASTROVIRUSNE DRISKE: to so driske pri živalih, blažja oblika enteritisa pri majhnih otrocih.
  • NORWALK VIRUSNE DRISKE: povzroča akutne driske. Prenos je fekalno-oralni. Zdravljenje poteka simptomatsko.

POTOVALNA DRISKA

  • Obolevajo potniki ( večinoma tisti, ki potujejo v tropske in subtropske kraje ).
  • Povzročitelji= bakterije, virusi in zajedavci.
  • Povzročitelj = ETEC (od virusov najpogostejše okužbe z Rotavirusi in virusom Norwalk). Preberi več…



August 11th, 2013



Salmoneloza (Tifus in Paratifus)

  • Tifus povzroča Salmonela Typhi,
  • Paratifus povzroča Salmonela Paratiphi,
  • Zadostuje 10 000 bacilov za okužbo.

PRENOS:

  • Fekalno-oralni.
  • Kontaminirana voda in hrana.

INKUBACIJA:

  • Traja 10-20 dni, lahko tudi do 60 dni.
  • Bolezen poteka 4 tedne:
  • 1teden= neznačilni znaki, utrujenost, glavobol, suh kašelj, kolike, povišana telesna temperatura, driska,…
  • 2teden= pyrexia, bolnik postaja slaboten, papulozne spremembe.
  • 3teden= prizadeto centralno živčevje, dezorientiran, driska, sepsa lahko tudi smrt.
  • 4teden= vročina pada, počutje se izboljša,…

ZAPLETI: okvare jeter, artritis, meningitis, črevesne krvavitve,… Preberi več…




August 11th, 2013



Splošno o črevesnih okužbah

  • Najpogostejši simptom o okužbi na želodcu-črevesju je diareja oz. driska.
  • Navzea (slabost),
  • Kolike (abdominalis).

POVZROČITELJI:

  • Patogene bakterije (izločajo toksine-pritrjene na črevesno sluznico),
  • Virusi,
  • Glive,
  • Zajedavci.
  • ENTERITIS= prizadeto tanko črevo (vnetje).
  • KOLITIS= prizadeto debelo črevo.
  • ENTEROKOLITIS= prizadeto tanko in debelo črevo.
  • GASTROENTEROKOLITIS= prizadet želodec, tanko in debelo črevo.

VRSTE DRISK:

  • Akutna driska (akutni enterokolitis)
  • Hemoragični enterokolitis (prisotna kri v blatu)
  • Dizenterični enterokolitis (kolike v abdomnu)
  • Tifus in Paratifus. Preberi več…



August 10th, 2013



Kolera

  • Akutna črevesna bolezen bolnika z diarejo,
  • Povzroča jo Vibrio Cholerale, ki izloča enterotoksine.
  • Poteka epidemično in pandemično.

PRENOS:

  • Kontaminirana voda in hrana.

INKUBACIJA:

  • 12-72ur ( lahko poteka kot blaga driska ),
  • Krči, bruhanje,
  • Podobni riževi vodi (iztrebki),
  • Huda dehidracija ( hipovolemijski šok, odpoved ledvic ).

DIAGNOZA:




August 5th, 2013



Zaprtje ali obstipacija

Neredno pomanjkljivo izločanje blata. Če bolnik 3 dni ne odvaja, dobi 4 dan svečke, sirup ali tablete.

Znaki:

–       Slabo počutje,

–       Trd napihnjen trebuh,

–       Bolečine pri odvajanju.

Vzroki:

–       Nepravilna prehrana,

–       Premalo balastnih snovi,

–       Premalo tekočine, Preberi več…




August 3rd, 2013



Zdravstvena nega bolnika z okužbami črevesja

NEGOVALNE DIAGNOZE:

–       Diareja,

–       Dehidracija,

–       Hipertermija,

–       Kolike (bolečine v trebuhu),

–       Navzea (slabost),

–       Nevarnost aspiracije,

–       Nevarnost infekcije,

–       RZP (preležanine),

–       Neuravnovešena prehrana,

–       Strah, Preberi več…




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